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From prehistory to the present day

The presentation of four collections was held in the regional museum of local history.

The audience was presented with the books “Sacred Geography of the Aktobe Region”, “Elite Archaeological Sites of the Early Iron Age Nomads of the Aktobe Region”, “Mugalzhar Mining and Metallurgical Center of the Paleometal Age”, “The Archaeological Complex of Toleubulak and Its Surroundings”.

The presentation was attended by researchers who worked on the materials, local historians, representatives of the intelligentsia and the public. The moderator was the deputy head of the region Bulbul Yeleusinova. She gave the first word to the director of the Institute of Archeology named after A. Margulan Akan Ongaruly:

– Such regional programs are available so far only in three regions – East Kazakhstan, Turkestan and Aktobe. There is an integrated approach covering the archaeological heritage and intangible culture. We do not just carry out excavations, but we do it for the development of the educational sphere, tourism and history as a science. The time presented in the collections is from the Paleolithic to the present day.

His deputy, candidate of historical sciences Talgat Mamirov, a native of the Martuk region and a graduate of the University named after K. Zhubanov, noted that the current round table is a report on the completion of work begun in 2019:

– For three years, a register of sacred places in the region was compiled, both local historians and archaeologists, and employees of several republican research institutes took part in the work. Research should be widely promoted among Aktobe residents. An exposition has opened in the exhibition hall, and I strongly advise everyone to see it. A person must know what land he lives on, what heir he is.

The program developer and project manager, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan Bauyrzhan Baitanaev, emphasized that the idea of ​​publishing collections and compiling a register belongs to the head of the region, Ondasyn Urazalin:

– Scientists, undergraduate students should rely on the register. On a republican scale, Aktobe was the first to do this work, and I am grateful to the executive branch for the initiative.

Speaking at the round table, Talgat Mamirov presented in depth such a unique monument as Toleubulak (Mugalzhar region):

– On a small piece of land, epochs from the Paleolithic to the present day are represented. There are rock paintings in three regions of the republic – Turkestan, Mangystau and Aktobe. Petroglyphs of Toleubulak are the most ancient. According to signs known only to archaeologists – loose deposits of soil (from 40 centimeters to one meter) – we found places where people lived. Animal bones, stone tools, etc. were found in the deposits. Of course, the chronology is relative, the final dating will be determined by radiocarbon analysis. Our region, most of whose territory is semi-desert, has a serious prospect for organizing tourist routes.

For example, in the northern regions, the remains of a mammoth, a woolly rhinoceros, and a Pleistocene camel were found. In the Martuk region there is a site of the late Paleolithic era Sharua, discovered by schoolchildren in the 1970s, then studied by Zhilkibaev and Rodionov. All this is an unconditional impetus for a deep study of the Ilek and Kargaly riverbeds, along which the largest number of monuments have been discovered.

The authors of the new books are Kazakh historians, including Aktobe residents. Also at the presentation, the first part of the documentary “Monuments of Donyztau” was presented. The project was implemented within the framework of the Sacred Geography of Kazakhstan program.

Tatiana VINOGRADOVA

/vestnik.kz/